I have to do some Python coding for The Lieder Project that involves Euclidean distance and variance in three-dimensional space. I'm positive that modules for these things exist out there somewhere, but I couldn't find them quickly. So I wrote the code myself. In case you also need to calculate distances between points in three-dimensional space, and/or the mean locations and standard deviation for points in three-dimensional space, here is the code for Python 3.
First, I created a class for three-dimensional objects.
class threedim(object): def __init__(self, x, y, z): self.x = x self.y = y self.z = z
The following function measures the Euclidean distance between two points in three-dimensional space:
def threedimdistance(i, j): deltaxsquared = (i.x - j.x) ** 2 deltaysquared = (i.y - j.y) ** 2 deltazsquared = (i.z - j.z) ** 2 return (deltaxsquared + deltaysquared + deltazsquared) ** 0.5
To use these, declare new points in three-dimensional space:
lineone = threedim(1,1,1) linetwo = threedim(1,1,0.5) linethree = threedim(0,0,0) linefour = threedim(0.5, 0.5, 0.5)
and use threedimdistance() to measure the Euclidean distance between any two of them:
To find the mean position and standard deviation of a list of points in three-dimensional space, first declare the following functions:
def threedimmean(threedimlist): xvalues =  yvalues =  zvalues =  for point in threedimlist: xvalues.append(point.x) yvalues.append(point.y) zvalues.append(point.z) xmean = sum(xvalues)/float(len(xvalues)) ymean = sum(yvalues)/float(len(yvalues)) zmean = sum(zvalues)/float(len(zvalues)) return threedim(xmean, ymean, zmean) def threedimSD(threedimlist): squareddistances =  listmean = threedimmean(threedimlist) for point in threedimlist: squareddistances.append(threedimdistance(point, listmean) ** 2) return (sum(squareddistances)/float(len(squareddistances)) ** 0.5)
Then create a list of points in three-dimensional space (from points already created ― see above) and call the above functions on that list:
listoflines = [lineone, linetwo, linethree, linefour] threedimmean(listoflines) threedimSD(listoflines)
Unless I missed something?